In order to make a diagnosis, your ophthalmologist will need to do a comprehensive eye examination. The examination will include dilation (widening) of your pupils, slit-lamp viewing, refraction and visual testing.

The slit-lamp part will be done in order to examine your cornea, iris, lens and surroundings of the eye. Once your pupil is dilated, the ophthalmologist will view your retina in order to clarify if any other disorders are present.Thereafter, refraction and visual testing will be done to evaluate the clarity of vision.

I have been diagnosed with a cataract, what should I do?

  • Test your eyes every year to assess the changes
  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from harmful UV light
  • Quit smoking if applicable as smoking can aid the progression of a cataract
  • Use additional light when doing any near work (e.g. reading)
  • If night vision decreases, limit driving at times as halos and glare may make it uncomfortable
  • Ensure your health is optimal (e.g. control blood sugar and blood pressure)
  • Wear optimal spectacles or contact lenses to help provide best vision
  • Consider surgery once daily activities are impaired
    • Discuss the following with your ophthalmologist once a decision is made:
      • Procedure of the surgery
      • Preparation needed
      • Recovery after surgery
      • Benefits
      • Possible complications
      • Costs of the surgery
      • Any other questions if needed.

Currently there is no proven way to dissolve cataracts with drops or alternative medicine, surgery is the only method to safely and effectively remove cataracts.

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